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International Aeronautical Federation Spring Meeting

https://en.parisinfo.com/

Landing in Paris, I was surprised to see cherry blossoms lining along the streets. Charles de Gaulle was busy as usual, if not even busier.

It started off with parallel meetings at the International Academy of Astronautics catching up on meetings and the latest developments over the year. Running parallel across the river was the Moon Village Association on their latest development and news.

moonvillageassociation.org

As committee members from Space resource to space exploration, from human space flight to entrepreneurship, one could sense the International Aeronautical Federation and strong sense of community. The spring meeting was held at NewCap located a stone throw’s away from Eiffel Tower. It was a wonderful feeling, knowing full well the meeting was along the river.

Delegates entered through the door, greeted by IAF staff and most importantly bidding countries for the next IAC after UAE 2020. The Global Network Forum at the IAF was one of the highlights of the Spring Meeting. The focus was on Geography, Generation and Gender. Launched by the IAF President, Dr. Jean-Yves Le Gall the goal includes:

Geographical diversity and global reach have been traditional features of the IAF since its creation. Attracting the young generation has been in the focus of the IAF during the recent years with manifold newly created activities and programmes tuned to this target community. This has resulted in a significant increase of the number of young people engaged and participating in IAF activities. Gender diversity is still an area where strong progress needs to be achieved. Dedicated promotion of opportunities for female space actors within the Federation and the space sector in general, presenting successful role models and encouraging the young generation of the female space community to aim for leadership positions shall help to reach a balanced and inclusive representation within the governance of the IAF, its Technical and Administrative Committees, as well as the IAC speakers’ and authors’ community.

Implementation:

Implementing the “3G” Diversity Focus as part of the IAF Global Innovation Agenda 2016 – 2019 calls for the creation of an IAF Platform which will allow the Federation to take a leading role in the effort to promote and advance diversity and equality principles amongst a global space community, become an exemplary organisation in terms of geographical, generational, gender and any other diversity aspects, and live up to its motto Connecting @ll Space People.

IAF “3G” IDEA provides a framework for an intensive and open exchange on diversity and equality aspects within the IAF and amongst IAF member organisations as well as potential IAF members and other organisations promoting diversity. On the basis of IAF “3G” IDEA, events of different nature shall be organized during the annual International Astronautical Congress, IAF Global Conferences, IAF Spring Meetings and other occasions, focusing on “3G” diversity topics. Such events can be, but are not limited to:

  • Keynotes or lectures
  • Moderated panel discussions
  • Networking events
  • Mentoring sessions
  • Social events
  • “Diversity” Luncheons or Dinners
  • Competitions and awards ceremonies
greenbiz.com

Focus of these events shall be to contribute to:

Focus of these events shall be to contribute to:

  • Connecting and engaging space communities in remote areas to IAF activities;
  • Further increasing the involvement of and the offer to the young generation within the Federation and its activities;
    • Reviving the IAF mentoring programme;
  • Attracting specifically the female space community to become active and take over leadership within IAF bodies;
  • Providing an international platform to connect gender diversity organisations from different countries, such as WIA US, WIA Europe, WIA Canada, WIA Africa, WIA Japan, etc.
  • Establishing IAF focus on all diversity aspects and promoting diversity as a basic principle to the entire global space community.

One certainly felt the presence of GNF events and increasing importance also at the Annual IAC conferences. As the IAC2019 would be in DC, there is much anticipation and excitement as it is the 50 years since the Apollo landing.

Once again as a space conference of the greatest breath and depth, the organisers announced that it had the largest number of submitted abstracts well into the 4000s and over 80 plenaries were proposed for 6 slots.

For the upcoming days, particularly on the last day it would be a great challenge for Chairs of committees to select papers for DC. Due to the considerably high numbers of submissions for oral submissions, it has indirectly also resulted in larger number of interactive submissions. What that has caused is almost like a second round of selections, particularly in relation to interactive sessions. It’s important the those whom submit abstracts understand this, because on the contrary to belief, submitting for an interactive session could actually be slightly harder to get accepting, depending on the kind of committee and what the potential category the author submitted their abstract in.

Being part of the process as VP for the Enterprise Risk Management Committee and as Rapporteur for the Space Resources Technologies, Systems, Missions and Policies Committee one can see how the process is not straight forward, particularly as Chairs assess which papers get accepted, put forward for interactive sessions or rejected.

There is an art to this kind of selection. As committee members we sit, discuss and engage in the topics of what is written in the abstract, what is mentioned, what is left out, what needs more work. It is in fact, rather academic, with a healthy dose of practicality as well.

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One of the greatest joys in being part of this process is to engage with colleagues from different walks of life, countries and backgrounds in discussing abstracts of mutual interest. For instance, when we discuss risk management, we ask our selves, what is it? What does it mean? How do they access it? What process do they talk to avoid it? Are there contradictions? How can risk managers make better decisions?

The few days flew by, with a few individuals recognised for their achievements, with visions from leaders from various space agencies and also looking forward to UAE2020.

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DC is going be great – if we were to access solely based on the abstracts submitted. Even if it’s not that, the fact that the IAC is going to be held in Washington DC is a highlight unto itself. Somehow it seems so appropriate to celebrate 50 years of space in the US. Indirectly we are celebrating the work of NASA and all space agencies or countries whom have contributed to space. Directly, it is about celebration of space and throughout the year we can look forward to events, seminars and upcoming publications on celebrating space.

iafstro.org

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Categories
Art Asteroid Day business development communications Disaster Management drones Earth Entrepreneurship International Mars Moon newspace ecosystem smallsats Space Space Applications space food space mapping UN UNOOSA

Environment and space

phys.com.jpg

source: phys.com

Human actions have had an indisputable impact on the Earth’s natural environment. Human activities have contributed to deforestation, desertification, soil degradation, depletion of the ozone layer and climate change.

Space-based technologies, such as remotely sensed data, have enhanced scientific understanding of water cycles, air quality, forests and other aspects of the natural environment. These surveying and monitoring tools provide valuable information on the state of ecosystems, which offers objective support for positive environmental action, including conservation and sustainable resource management.

 

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source: pxhere.com

 

When one looks through the role of space at UNOOSA’s database, one can see the diversity and range of impact that space has on the environment.

Examples include:

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source: UNOOSA

Space for Agriculture Development and Food Security

earthob
source: earthobservations.org
Report on the United Nations/Germany International Conference on Earth Observation: global solutions for thechallenges of sustainable development in societies at risk
Space-based information and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Space Technologies for Monitoring and Protecting Biodiversity and Ecosystems
A Proposed New Thematic Priority for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications
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source: gndr.org/ wmo.int
The United Nations Office of Outer Space does so much to promote space and space applications, yet often it may be easy to overlook the role of UNOOSA purely because the issues they are addressing are so immense.

One of the highlights of the space calender to celebrate and champion the successes include:

Yuri’s Night

Yuri’s Night is the World Space Party. We hope to see you dream, explore, and celebrate with us at the hundreds of YN events held around the world each April.

“Circling the Earth in my orbital spaceship I marveled at the beauty of our planet. People of the world, let us safeguard and enhance this beauty — not destroy it!”
Yuri Gagarin, 1st human in space.

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source: greatscience.com

International Day of Human Space Flight

The International Day of Human Space Flight is the annual celebration, held on April 12, of the anniversary of the first human space flight by Yuri Gagarin. It was proclaimed at the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly on April 7, 2011, a few days before the 50th anniversary of the flight.

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source: creativemarket.com
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source: un.org

Asteroid Day

Asteroid Day is a UN-sanctioned global awareness campaign. This year thousands of self-organized events were hosted around the world. 48 hours of content and commentary from around the world were hosted by Prof. Brian Cox. He was joined by Astronauts, Experts, and Celebrities.

sources: Asteroid Day

World Space Week

World Space Week, October 4-10 annually, is the largest space event on Earth. More than 5,000 events in over 80 countries celebrated the theme “Space Unites the World” in 2018.  The 2019 theme is “The Moon:  Gateway to the Stars.”

“The General Assembly declares 4 to 10 October World Space Week to celebrate each year at the international level the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition”

UN General Assembly resolution, 6 December 1999

source: World Space Week

 

Humanity could do so much more by joining forces and putting our minds, technology and entrepreneurship in tackling the world’s greatest challenges.

 

What do you think of the role of space applications?

What challenges can space applications solve?

What makes a successful NewSpace entrepreneur?

Tweet, like, comment @newspace2060

#newspace2060 @EUJapanCentre

 

 

 

Categories
Asteroid Day business development Disaster Management Earth GNSS International Mars Moon newspace ecosystem Risk Management Space Space Applications Space debris space traffic management

Space safety/Space Traffic Management programs

stm1

source: spacenews.com

 

According to Aerospace corporation, “Space traffic management is the classification of services designed to help satellite operators avoid physical or operational conflicts. Commercial, civil, academic, and international entities all contribute to the development of procedures to ensure universal spaceflight safety by creating actionable predictions, early warnings, and sound avoidance maneuvers.”

The implementation and enforcement of space traffic management (STM) policies and regulations will be extremely complex and expensive for governments of spacefaring nations and all users of the near-Earth space domain. Compared to air traffic management, the challenges of managing low-orbital traffic will be orders of magnitude more sophisticated.

 

stm2.jpg

source: dlr.de

 

The underlying reasons include:

  • High orbital speeds of near-Earth satellites, 25 times greater than jet aircraft
  • Lack of the ability of satellite to responsively execute avoidance maneuvers
  • Difficulty of assessing real-time and precise collision probabilities
  • Presence of millions of uncontrolled and dangerous resident space objects (RSOs) that share the most-congested region of space as operating satellites
  • Complexity of reaching an agreement with all spacefaring nations regarding space traffic issues
  • Development of regulations that are fair and balanced without excessively restricting space traffic and related operations
  • Creation of centralized space traffic controller and enforcement systems
  • Achieving satellite operator compliance related to additional onboard traffic management hardware, operational restrictions and licensing processes

 

stm3

source: thespacereview.com

 

Due to the envisaged growth of smallsat constellations and space craft, including human space flight, some authorities suggest there needs to be great air traffic control regulations, even ‘zones of exception’ for satellite operators.

According to Marshall Kaplan, “It is important to note that most satellites operating in the geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) belt, at about 36,000 kilometers altitude, are already under a space traffic management system. For all practical purposes, GEO spacecraft operate in, or near, the equatorial plane and move in the same direction at the same speed. Since they are synchronous with the Earth’s rotation, STM operations are achieved by simply assigning orbital slots, corresponding to longitudes, over which these satellites remain stationary relative to Earth.”

It is envisaged that the LEO zone, between about 550 kilometers and 1,200 kilometers altitude would be greatly congested.  With more than 10,000 new satellites being prepared for launch into LEOs in the next few years, traffic may well be congested and hence STM is essential in order to guarantee future access and use of the LEO zone.

stm4

source: spacenews.com

 

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Programme

Goal
A European capability to monitor the space environment for hazards, both natural and human-made that could impact assets in orbit or populations and infrastructure on the ground.

Outcome
Establishment of a space weather (SWE) forecasting service based on existing and to-be-developed assets, including new SWE instruments; a SWE mission to a Lagrange point (L1 or L5); hosted payload missions for SWE instruments; a network of Near Earth Object (NEO) survey telescopes; small satellites for SSA payloads less than 100 kg and Participating States’ subscriptions for 2017–20.

stm4.jpg

source: spacenews.com

 

Asteroid Impact Mission

Goal
Provide a companion observatory and microlander mission for the NASA DART impactor, which will strike the small moon orbiting the Didymos binary asteroid.

asteroid.jpg

source: youtube.com

Outcome
Launch in 2020 and encounter with Didymos in 2022.

Impact

The mission provides a first essay of planetary defence, an international cooperation, science and education return and a test for advanced planetary exploration technologies.

 

phys
source: phys.org
Cleaning space

e.Deorbit/Tug Maturation Phase

Goal
Remove a single large ESA-owned debris from orbit, which will be the first-ever active debris removal mission.

Outcome
Completion of Phase-B2 definition, ready for implementation by 2019.

 

Impact
A high-profile mission providing large visibility on the global stage for all actors involved. It will place European industry at the forefront of the world’s active removal efforts and space tug applications, providing a competitive advantage for all industry involved.

 

ESA concept for active debris deorbit mission

 

 

What do you think are the challenges/opportunities in Space Traffic management?

What do you think makes a successful Newspace startup?

 

Tweet, like, comment @newspace2060

#NewSpace2060 @EUJapanCentre

 

Categories
Asteroid Day Mars Moon NewSpace newspace ecosystem smallsats Space Space Applications Space debris Startups

ASTEROID DAY TO CELEBRATE FIFTH ANNIVERSARY WITH SPECIAL EVENTS IN LUXEMBOURG AND AROUND THE GLOBE, 24-30 JUNE, 2019

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source: Asteroid Day

 

LUXEMBOURG (14 February 2019) — Asteroid Day, the official United Nations’ day of global awareness and education about asteroids, will celebrate its fifth anniversary on 30 June. What began as two live stream broadcasts in 2014, now includes thousands of independent events organized by citizens around the world on all five continents. Asteroid Day global programs, including Asteroid Day LIVE, are programs of the Asteroid Foundation, a Luxembourg-based nonprofit organization.

Asteroid Day was co-founded by astrophysicist and famed musician Dr. Brian May of the rock group QUEEN; Apollo 9 Astronaut Rusty Schweickart; Filmmaker Grig Richters; and B612 President Danica Remy, to promote awareness and provide knowledge to the general public about the importance of asteroids in the formation of our universe and the role they play in our solar system today. Events are scheduled during the week of 30 June, the date of the largest asteroid impact of Earth in recorded history (Tunguska).
In just five years, Asteroid Day has evolved to include the participation of all major national space agencies, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos, and NASA, and prominent scientists, astronomers, educators and media worldwide. In 2016, the United Nations declared Asteroid Day an official day of education, initiated in part by a need to better understand the role of asteroids, following the 15 February, 2013 meteor impact in Chelyabinsk, Russia.

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source: esa.int

 

“Our goal is to dedicate one day each year to learn about asteroids, the origins of our universe, and to support the resources necessary to find asteroids,” explains Dr. May.

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source: flickr

A principal partner in Asteroid Day is the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg through the Luxembourg Space Agency, which is leading the SpaceResources.lu initiative. “By establishing itself as the European Hub in the future space resources economy, Luxembourg is committed to supporting and nurturing the growing commercial space industry and contributing to the peaceful exploration and sustainable utilization of resources from celestial bodies, including the Moon or near-earth objects such as asteroids,” stated Etienne Schneider, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Economy of Luxembourg. “Asteroid Day supports the goals of
the SpaceResources.lu initiative by educating the world about asteroids, space missions and what’s possible within the emerging New Space economy.”

imperial.ac.uk

source: Imperial.ac.uk

 

Events for Asteroid Day 2019 will take place on all five continents and are in the process
of being organized by local organizations, and include:
● In Europe: Luxembourg’s Ministry of Education, SpaceResources.lu and National Museum of Natural History are organizing events throughout the country. The Natural History Museum Vienna, Austria, will showcase the world’s largest meteorite collection.
In Greece, the new Hellenic Meteorite Museum is hosting a variety of events.

 

science.time.com

source: science.time.com

 

● In North America: Events will be held once again at the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC, the Perot Museum of Nature and Science in Dallas, Texas, in addition to other science centers, universities and astronomy clubs throughout the US, Canada and Mexico.

● In South America: A group of astronomical backpackers called Mochileros
Astronomicos, will hitchhike throughout the region to teach astronomy in schools, planetariums, and communities. Astronomical institutions across Brazil will discuss asteroids at events celebrating 100 years of the International Astronomical Union. Chile
will have coordinated activities across the country.

● In Africa: Mozambique will host a special presentation about asteroids on National TV (TVM), in coordination with the International Astronomical Union (IAU), at a special session during the National Astronomical Society Meeting. Egypt’s Scientific Society of Astronomy and Space will hold an event called "Asteroids and Safety of The Earth; at the National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics in Cairo.

● In Asia: Kazakhstan Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, in Almaty will host lectures and activities for students. Throughout Israel, events are being organized at the Givatayim Observatory, Netanya Planetarium and the Yarqa Space Center.

Themes of Asteroid Day 2019 range from the science of asteroids in the formation of our solar system to discussions of new space industries accelerating technologies to advance space-based activities. Activities will importantly also highlight the current missions advancing efforts to identify the characteristics and trajectories of asteroids and develop greater detection, tracking and deflection techniques: DART, the first demonstration of a kinetic impact technique to change the motion of an asteroid in space.; (NASA/ESA); and two study and sample return missions: Hayabusa 2, (JAXA); and OSIRIX REx (NASA).

 

esa.int

source: esa.int

 

Preview of 2019 ASTEROID DAY Events in Luxembourg
Information for public participation at the AsteroidDay.org website

● 27 June: Technical Briefing with Asteroid Experts (by invitation)
● 28 June: Asteroid Day LIVE Global Broadcast-Webcast, produced at RTL Studios
● 29 June: Astronaut and Asteroid Expert meet and greet (public)
● 29 June: Gala Dinner in the unique Cercle Cité, Downtown Luxembourg (tickets on sale)

● 30 June: Asteroid Day at the National Museum of Natural History: Guided tours of the Meteorite Collection and “Universe” Exhibition; Public Lecture “Asteroids… can we deal with the danger?”; Asteroid Workshop for Youth

ASTEROID DAY LIVE FROM LUXEMBOURG: 28 JUNE, 2019

Asteroid Day LIVE, which debuted in 2017 and expanded last year to 48 hours of live programming, is the first-ever global conversation about asteroids. It is produced by the Asteroid Foundation and broadcast live from the Broadcasting Center Europe (BCE) studio at RTL City in Luxembourg. Asteroid Day LIVE returns in 2019, with an expanded five days of online, broadcast and webcast content and commentary from international experts, five astronauts/cosmonauts, scientists, physicists, educators, and government officials and special guests who serve as Asteroid Day ambassadors. This year will also include five Luxembourg-based space startup companies and five featured global independently organized Asteroid Day events from five different countries.

asteroidday.org

source: Asteroid Day

 

Participants in Asteroid Day LIVE 2019 (announced to date):
● Johann-Dietrich Wörner, Director General, ESA
● Etienne Schneider, Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of the Economy, Government of Luxembourg
● Marc Serres, CEO, Luxembourg Space Agency
● Simonetta Di Pippo, Director, United Nations Office of Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
● Georges Schmit, Special Envoy for Space Resources, Government of Luxembourg;
Asteroid Foundation Chair
● Rusty Schweickart, Apollo 9 Astronaut; Asteroid Day Co-founder
● Ed Lu, Asteroid Day Expert Panel; Executive Director, Asteroid Institute; three-time NASA astronaut (STS 84, 106 and ISS Expedition 7).
● Nicole Stott, Mission Specialist (STS 128, 133 and ISS Expeditions 20, 21); Astronaut Artist
● Dorin Prunariu, first and only Romanian cosmonaut; Asteroid Day Ambassador
● Alexander Misurkin, Cosmonaut, ISS Commander 2018, Russia
● Danica Remy, President, B612 Foundation; Asteroid Day Co-founder
● Simon (Pete) Worden, President, Breakthrough Institute; former Director, NASA Ames Research Center

● Frans Van Der Donck, Space Policy Expert, The Netherlands
● Ian Carnelli, Project Manager, Hera mission (kinetic impactor validation), ESA
● Mark Boslough, Physicist, Sandia National Labs (ret.); Chair, Asteroid Day Expert Panel
● Lynne Jones, Co-Chair, LSST Solar System Science Collaboration; Asteroid Day Expert Panel
● Robert Jedicke, Asteroid Day Expert Panel; University of Hawaii, US, Institute for Astronomy
● Patrick Michel, Asteroid Day Expert Panel; Senior Researcher, CNRS, Lagrange
laboratory of Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur; Co-I of Hayabusa2 and OSIRIS-Rex; lead scientist, ESA Hera mission, France
Asteroid Day LIVE from Luxembourg will be distributed via a dedicated satellite, available on local channels subscribing to the SES satellite network, and via the Asteroid Day website.

For archived programs of 2017 and 2018, see: http://www.youtube.com/user/asteroidday/featured

Scientists Rock is a seven-part series about asteroids produced by Asteroid Day, which can be viewed on website. Narrated by famed astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson, the series includes interviews with UK Astronomer Royal Lord Martin Rees, Dr. Brian May, Peter Gabriel, and scores of astronauts and asteroid experts.

Major sponsors of Asteroid Day include the Luxembourg Space Agency, B612, Broadcasting Centre Europe (BCE), OHB, SES, and Tomorrow Street, a joint venture of Vodaphone and Technoport. Asteroid Day global programs, including Asteroid Day LIVE, are programs of the Asteroid Foundation, a Luxembourg-based nonprofit organization.

More information:
● Website: AsteroidDay.org

asteroid day3

source: Asteroid Day

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