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International Aeronautical Federation Spring Meeting

https://en.parisinfo.com/

Landing in Paris, I was surprised to see cherry blossoms lining along the streets. Charles de Gaulle was busy as usual, if not even busier.

It started off with parallel meetings at the International Academy of Astronautics catching up on meetings and the latest developments over the year. Running parallel across the river was the Moon Village Association on their latest development and news.

moonvillageassociation.org

As committee members from Space resource to space exploration, from human space flight to entrepreneurship, one could sense the International Aeronautical Federation and strong sense of community. The spring meeting was held at NewCap located a stone throw’s away from Eiffel Tower. It was a wonderful feeling, knowing full well the meeting was along the river.

Delegates entered through the door, greeted by IAF staff and most importantly bidding countries for the next IAC after UAE 2020. The Global Network Forum at the IAF was one of the highlights of the Spring Meeting. The focus was on Geography, Generation and Gender. Launched by the IAF President, Dr. Jean-Yves Le Gall the goal includes:

Geographical diversity and global reach have been traditional features of the IAF since its creation. Attracting the young generation has been in the focus of the IAF during the recent years with manifold newly created activities and programmes tuned to this target community. This has resulted in a significant increase of the number of young people engaged and participating in IAF activities. Gender diversity is still an area where strong progress needs to be achieved. Dedicated promotion of opportunities for female space actors within the Federation and the space sector in general, presenting successful role models and encouraging the young generation of the female space community to aim for leadership positions shall help to reach a balanced and inclusive representation within the governance of the IAF, its Technical and Administrative Committees, as well as the IAC speakers’ and authors’ community.

Implementation:

Implementing the “3G” Diversity Focus as part of the IAF Global Innovation Agenda 2016 – 2019 calls for the creation of an IAF Platform which will allow the Federation to take a leading role in the effort to promote and advance diversity and equality principles amongst a global space community, become an exemplary organisation in terms of geographical, generational, gender and any other diversity aspects, and live up to its motto Connecting @ll Space People.

IAF “3G” IDEA provides a framework for an intensive and open exchange on diversity and equality aspects within the IAF and amongst IAF member organisations as well as potential IAF members and other organisations promoting diversity. On the basis of IAF “3G” IDEA, events of different nature shall be organized during the annual International Astronautical Congress, IAF Global Conferences, IAF Spring Meetings and other occasions, focusing on “3G” diversity topics. Such events can be, but are not limited to:

  • Keynotes or lectures
  • Moderated panel discussions
  • Networking events
  • Mentoring sessions
  • Social events
  • “Diversity” Luncheons or Dinners
  • Competitions and awards ceremonies
greenbiz.com

Focus of these events shall be to contribute to:

Focus of these events shall be to contribute to:

  • Connecting and engaging space communities in remote areas to IAF activities;
  • Further increasing the involvement of and the offer to the young generation within the Federation and its activities;
    • Reviving the IAF mentoring programme;
  • Attracting specifically the female space community to become active and take over leadership within IAF bodies;
  • Providing an international platform to connect gender diversity organisations from different countries, such as WIA US, WIA Europe, WIA Canada, WIA Africa, WIA Japan, etc.
  • Establishing IAF focus on all diversity aspects and promoting diversity as a basic principle to the entire global space community.

One certainly felt the presence of GNF events and increasing importance also at the Annual IAC conferences. As the IAC2019 would be in DC, there is much anticipation and excitement as it is the 50 years since the Apollo landing.

Once again as a space conference of the greatest breath and depth, the organisers announced that it had the largest number of submitted abstracts well into the 4000s and over 80 plenaries were proposed for 6 slots.

For the upcoming days, particularly on the last day it would be a great challenge for Chairs of committees to select papers for DC. Due to the considerably high numbers of submissions for oral submissions, it has indirectly also resulted in larger number of interactive submissions. What that has caused is almost like a second round of selections, particularly in relation to interactive sessions. It’s important the those whom submit abstracts understand this, because on the contrary to belief, submitting for an interactive session could actually be slightly harder to get accepting, depending on the kind of committee and what the potential category the author submitted their abstract in.

Being part of the process as VP for the Enterprise Risk Management Committee and as Rapporteur for the Space Resources Technologies, Systems, Missions and Policies Committee one can see how the process is not straight forward, particularly as Chairs assess which papers get accepted, put forward for interactive sessions or rejected.

There is an art to this kind of selection. As committee members we sit, discuss and engage in the topics of what is written in the abstract, what is mentioned, what is left out, what needs more work. It is in fact, rather academic, with a healthy dose of practicality as well.

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One of the greatest joys in being part of this process is to engage with colleagues from different walks of life, countries and backgrounds in discussing abstracts of mutual interest. For instance, when we discuss risk management, we ask our selves, what is it? What does it mean? How do they access it? What process do they talk to avoid it? Are there contradictions? How can risk managers make better decisions?

The few days flew by, with a few individuals recognised for their achievements, with visions from leaders from various space agencies and also looking forward to UAE2020.

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DC is going be great – if we were to access solely based on the abstracts submitted. Even if it’s not that, the fact that the IAC is going to be held in Washington DC is a highlight unto itself. Somehow it seems so appropriate to celebrate 50 years of space in the US. Indirectly we are celebrating the work of NASA and all space agencies or countries whom have contributed to space. Directly, it is about celebration of space and throughout the year we can look forward to events, seminars and upcoming publications on celebrating space.

iafstro.org

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Categories
Art Asteroid Day business development communications Disaster Management drones Earth Entrepreneurship International Mars Moon newspace ecosystem smallsats Space Space Applications space food space mapping UN UNOOSA

Environment and space

phys.com.jpg

source: phys.com

Human actions have had an indisputable impact on the Earth’s natural environment. Human activities have contributed to deforestation, desertification, soil degradation, depletion of the ozone layer and climate change.

Space-based technologies, such as remotely sensed data, have enhanced scientific understanding of water cycles, air quality, forests and other aspects of the natural environment. These surveying and monitoring tools provide valuable information on the state of ecosystems, which offers objective support for positive environmental action, including conservation and sustainable resource management.

 

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source: pxhere.com

 

When one looks through the role of space at UNOOSA’s database, one can see the diversity and range of impact that space has on the environment.

Examples include:

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source: UNOOSA

Space for Agriculture Development and Food Security

earthob
source: earthobservations.org
Report on the United Nations/Germany International Conference on Earth Observation: global solutions for thechallenges of sustainable development in societies at risk
Space-based information and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Space Technologies for Monitoring and Protecting Biodiversity and Ecosystems
A Proposed New Thematic Priority for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications
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source: gndr.org/ wmo.int
The United Nations Office of Outer Space does so much to promote space and space applications, yet often it may be easy to overlook the role of UNOOSA purely because the issues they are addressing are so immense.

One of the highlights of the space calender to celebrate and champion the successes include:

Yuri’s Night

Yuri’s Night is the World Space Party. We hope to see you dream, explore, and celebrate with us at the hundreds of YN events held around the world each April.

“Circling the Earth in my orbital spaceship I marveled at the beauty of our planet. People of the world, let us safeguard and enhance this beauty — not destroy it!”
Yuri Gagarin, 1st human in space.

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source: greatscience.com

International Day of Human Space Flight

The International Day of Human Space Flight is the annual celebration, held on April 12, of the anniversary of the first human space flight by Yuri Gagarin. It was proclaimed at the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly on April 7, 2011, a few days before the 50th anniversary of the flight.

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source: creativemarket.com
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source: un.org

Asteroid Day

Asteroid Day is a UN-sanctioned global awareness campaign. This year thousands of self-organized events were hosted around the world. 48 hours of content and commentary from around the world were hosted by Prof. Brian Cox. He was joined by Astronauts, Experts, and Celebrities.

sources: Asteroid Day

World Space Week

World Space Week, October 4-10 annually, is the largest space event on Earth. More than 5,000 events in over 80 countries celebrated the theme “Space Unites the World” in 2018.  The 2019 theme is “The Moon:  Gateway to the Stars.”

“The General Assembly declares 4 to 10 October World Space Week to celebrate each year at the international level the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition”

UN General Assembly resolution, 6 December 1999

source: World Space Week

 

Humanity could do so much more by joining forces and putting our minds, technology and entrepreneurship in tackling the world’s greatest challenges.

 

What do you think of the role of space applications?

What challenges can space applications solve?

What makes a successful NewSpace entrepreneur?

Tweet, like, comment @newspace2060

#newspace2060 @EUJapanCentre

 

 

 

Categories
Asteroid Day business development Disaster Management Earth GNSS International Mars Moon newspace ecosystem Risk Management Space Space Applications Space debris space traffic management

Space safety/Space Traffic Management programs

stm1

source: spacenews.com

 

According to Aerospace corporation, “Space traffic management is the classification of services designed to help satellite operators avoid physical or operational conflicts. Commercial, civil, academic, and international entities all contribute to the development of procedures to ensure universal spaceflight safety by creating actionable predictions, early warnings, and sound avoidance maneuvers.”

The implementation and enforcement of space traffic management (STM) policies and regulations will be extremely complex and expensive for governments of spacefaring nations and all users of the near-Earth space domain. Compared to air traffic management, the challenges of managing low-orbital traffic will be orders of magnitude more sophisticated.

 

stm2.jpg

source: dlr.de

 

The underlying reasons include:

  • High orbital speeds of near-Earth satellites, 25 times greater than jet aircraft
  • Lack of the ability of satellite to responsively execute avoidance maneuvers
  • Difficulty of assessing real-time and precise collision probabilities
  • Presence of millions of uncontrolled and dangerous resident space objects (RSOs) that share the most-congested region of space as operating satellites
  • Complexity of reaching an agreement with all spacefaring nations regarding space traffic issues
  • Development of regulations that are fair and balanced without excessively restricting space traffic and related operations
  • Creation of centralized space traffic controller and enforcement systems
  • Achieving satellite operator compliance related to additional onboard traffic management hardware, operational restrictions and licensing processes

 

stm3

source: thespacereview.com

 

Due to the envisaged growth of smallsat constellations and space craft, including human space flight, some authorities suggest there needs to be great air traffic control regulations, even ‘zones of exception’ for satellite operators.

According to Marshall Kaplan, “It is important to note that most satellites operating in the geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) belt, at about 36,000 kilometers altitude, are already under a space traffic management system. For all practical purposes, GEO spacecraft operate in, or near, the equatorial plane and move in the same direction at the same speed. Since they are synchronous with the Earth’s rotation, STM operations are achieved by simply assigning orbital slots, corresponding to longitudes, over which these satellites remain stationary relative to Earth.”

It is envisaged that the LEO zone, between about 550 kilometers and 1,200 kilometers altitude would be greatly congested.  With more than 10,000 new satellites being prepared for launch into LEOs in the next few years, traffic may well be congested and hence STM is essential in order to guarantee future access and use of the LEO zone.

stm4

source: spacenews.com

 

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Programme

Goal
A European capability to monitor the space environment for hazards, both natural and human-made that could impact assets in orbit or populations and infrastructure on the ground.

Outcome
Establishment of a space weather (SWE) forecasting service based on existing and to-be-developed assets, including new SWE instruments; a SWE mission to a Lagrange point (L1 or L5); hosted payload missions for SWE instruments; a network of Near Earth Object (NEO) survey telescopes; small satellites for SSA payloads less than 100 kg and Participating States’ subscriptions for 2017–20.

stm4.jpg

source: spacenews.com

 

Asteroid Impact Mission

Goal
Provide a companion observatory and microlander mission for the NASA DART impactor, which will strike the small moon orbiting the Didymos binary asteroid.

asteroid.jpg

source: youtube.com

Outcome
Launch in 2020 and encounter with Didymos in 2022.

Impact

The mission provides a first essay of planetary defence, an international cooperation, science and education return and a test for advanced planetary exploration technologies.

 

phys
source: phys.org
Cleaning space

e.Deorbit/Tug Maturation Phase

Goal
Remove a single large ESA-owned debris from orbit, which will be the first-ever active debris removal mission.

Outcome
Completion of Phase-B2 definition, ready for implementation by 2019.

 

Impact
A high-profile mission providing large visibility on the global stage for all actors involved. It will place European industry at the forefront of the world’s active removal efforts and space tug applications, providing a competitive advantage for all industry involved.

 

ESA concept for active debris deorbit mission

 

 

What do you think are the challenges/opportunities in Space Traffic management?

What do you think makes a successful Newspace startup?

 

Tweet, like, comment @newspace2060

#NewSpace2060 @EUJapanCentre

 

Categories
business development communications Design Disaster Management Earth Entrepreneurship International IoT Japan NewSpace newspace ecosystem Rail smallsats Space Space Applications Startups

Japan Space Forum

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source: jsforum.or.jp

 

Japan Space Forum (JSF) was established to coordinate an alliance of industry, government, and academia for the development of Japan’s aerospace industry. JSF operates under policies established by the Japanese government and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) while providing support for research proposals and implementing programs designed to educate and enlighten the public about the aerospace industry as well as provide for the exchange and development of human resources.

JSF’s mission is to function as both a think-tank and a clearinghouse for information on the aerospace industry. JSF is dedicated to providing as many people as possible with the opportunity to learn more about outer space and to participate in the development of Japan’s aerospace industry.

Established in February 1994, the objective of JSF was to contribute to the development of the Japanese economy in general and the enhancement of Japan’s aerospace and other science and technology in particular through the promotion of businesses utilizing science and technology.

 

JSf.png

source: JSF

 

The activities of JSF include:

  • Research surveys regarding aerospace and other science and technology
  • Sponsorship and cooperation in the promotion of international conferences and symposiums on aerospace and other science and technology
  • Promotion of programs designed to educate and enlighten the public about the aerospace and other science and technology as well as to contribute to the development and exchange of human resources in these fields
  • Other activities necessary to the achievement of JSF’s objectives

Business activities include:

  • Jointly organizing the Satellite Design Contest

  • Planning and management of “Public relations network of Astronomy, Space and Aviation”
  • Planning and running of events of National Space Day
  • Support for spin-offs of aerospace technologies
  • Design and produce of space-related products

Other business activities include:

  • Support and coordination for space experiments
  • Support for operation of “The International Space Station/Kibo Utilization Promotion Committee”
  • Support for experiments of high-quality crystal growth for protein structure analysis
  • Management of Spaceguard Center observatories for space debris
  • Research of international aerospace information
  • Support for the International Disasters Charter agency in Japan
  • Support for organizing an advisory council on space policy
  • Support and management of international conferences
  •  Planning and support of public relations of rocket launching
  • Maintenance and operation of websites
  • Production of public relations activity tool for research and development of space aeronautics and science & technology
  • Support for educational experiments in micro gravity by aircraft
  • Loan of space-related exhibits

Supporting members

ihi

ihiaer

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What do you think makes a successful Newspace startup?

What are your thoughts on developing the Newspace ecosystem?

 

Tweet, comment, share and like  @newspace2060

#Newspace2060 @EUJapanCentre

Categories
business development Disaster Management Earth Entrepreneurship International newspace ecosystem Space Space Applications Startups

GSA funding opportunity: Multi-frequency multipurpose antenna for Galileo – Timing & Synchronisation (T&S)

time 3
source: gsc-europe.eu

 

gsa 1

source: gsa.europa.eu

 

Meanwhile, recent advances in GNSS antenna technology are enabling higher flexibility and adaptability, and the future trend is towards the development of multi-purpose antennas that can be used in different platforms and applications. For example, two user-segments that can clearly benefit from these advances are the mass-market for dual-frequency GNSS chipsets (smartphones, portable devices), and the professional market associated with future autonomous vehicles (cars, drones, ships, trains, and tractors).

time 1

source: chronos.co.uk

 

Two user groups

The objective of this call for proposals is to further develop Galileo-enabled multi-frequency antennas, close to market, for mass-market and professional applications.

This call for proposal aims at launching up to two projects to develop, test and assess advanced multi-frequency, multi-constellation antennas dedicated to these user groups.

In particular, the project aims to develop and test advanced antenna technology that is:

  • capable of coping with at least the frequencies L1/E1, L5/E5 and E6 (except for the mass market, where at least L1/E1 and L5/E5 should be used);
  • multi-constellation (Galileo and GPS, as a minimum), including additional innovations at the antenna level optimised for one or more mass-market and professional applications; and
  • Commercially ready with a competitive cost.

 

Fundamental Elements call: At a glance

  • Market segment: Transversal
  • Deadline for submission of proposals: 08 March 2019
  • Expected signature of contract: August to October 2019
  • Maximum budget allocated: EUR 2.800.000
  • Maximum number of projects: 2
  • EU financing amount for each of the two projects: up to EUR 2.800.000 (70% co-funding)
  • Webinar date: 27 November 2018
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Timing & Synchronisation (T&S)

GNSS can be used to provide both timing and synchronisation. On the timing side, GNSS provides direct and accurate access to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). On the other hand, synchronisation between receivers at different locations can be established and maintained using GNSS reference time. As a result of these uses, many Telecom and Energy networks now rely on GNSS for synchronization operations, while financial institutions use GNSS to timestamp transactions.